Golden Retrievers are some of America's favorite dogs — they always rank high among popular breeds. And it's easy to see why: they're intelligent, versatile, cheerful, and dutiful. First bred as bird retrievers by a man named Lord Tweedmouth (no, seriously), today these dogs just might be the ideal family pet.
Originally from Scotland, this large-sized and medium-energy breed can grow to between 55-75 pounds and lives an average of 10-13 years. The breed is recognized by the American Kennel Club and classified as a member of the Sporting group.
|Breed's original pastime||Retrieving|
|Average lifespan||10-12 years|
|Date of origin||1800s|
|Today's function||Retrieving, assistance|
|Average size of male||Height: 23-24 Weight: 65-75|
|Average size of female||Height: 21.5-22.5 Weight: 55-65|
|Other name||Yellow retriever|
|Energy level||Medium energy|
|Affection level||Very affectionate|
|Friendliness toward other dogs||Very friendly|
|Friendliness toward other pets||Very friendly|
|Friendliness toward strangers||Very friendly|
|Ease of training||Hard to train|
|Protection ability||Not very protective|
|Grooming needs||Moderately maintenance|
|Cold tolerance||Medium tolerance|
|Heat tolerance||Medium tolerance|
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
WHAT IS A GOLDEN RETRIEVER'S PERSONALITY LIKE?
Did we mention this is a great family dog? Golden Retrievers are playful, affectionate, smart, friendly, and fun. They also have good breath—for a dog. Golden Retrievers seldom meet a dog, cat, hamster, squirrel, stranger, or kid they don't immediately like. The household cat will just have to establish that she's the boss and, as always, it's best to monitor any dog with other pets and kids. They're often especially good with children.
WHAT IS GOLDEN RETRIEVER BEHAVIOR LIKE?
This is an active breed, to be sure. Like many retrievers, the Golden loves to swim — and its webbed feet help it move through the water with ease. Walks, jogs, romps, and games are always welcome. They'll also bring back a ball or a stick as many times as you care to throw one. Or at least they'll want to — Golden Retrievers have a lot of energy, but they also tire quickly. Once they've tuckered themselves out, they're happy to lay at your feet.
They're somewhat alert but not very protective. They'll only discourage burglars who are really uncomfortable with public displays of affection.
HOW EASY IS IT TO TRAIN A GOLDEN RETRIEVER?
Golden Retrievers are very accommodating to chosen people and obedient by nature. This breed is eager to please their families and often top dog in obedience competitions. They respond well to retrieving and food rewards. Training will help keep their bright minds and busy bodies active and healthy.
They can be a bit chewy, so be sure to start training early to discourage biting and destructive behaviors.
CARE & HEALTH
HOW MUCH DO GOLDEN RETRIEVERS SHED AND WHAT ARE THEIR GROOMING NEEDS?
A Golden Retriever's thick, medium-length double coat is dense and water-repellant. Their hair can be straight or wavy.
Your Golden Retriever will need regular grooming to prevent knotting and matting of those gorgeous locks. Plan on brushing your Golden about two times a week. They're moderate, seasonal shedders.
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS DO GOLDEN RETRIEVERS HAVE?
This breed has a higher than average incidence of cancer. Some are prone to obesity, so be mindful about meals and snacks. Like many large dogs, Golden Retrievers are also susceptible to hip dysplasia.
Feeding your baby Golden a growth food for large-breed puppies will slow their rate of growth but not diminish their adult stature which may help prevent or reduce the impact of adult-onset hip dysplasia.