The Black and Tan Coonhound was the original First Dog — George Washington had several of these puppies. Early American colonial settlers valued the Black and Tan Coonhound's ability to track a “cold” scent or the trail of a long-gone animal. Talented hunters, this breed has tracked down bears, deer, and mountain lions.
These are fast dogs with floppy muzzles and an acute sense of smell, designed not only to track but to tree their quarry. Their long, droopy ears pick up and help waft the scent to the Black and Tan Coonhound's nose.
Though they're best known for their hunting abilities, Black and Tan Coonhounds also make for friendly, cheerful, easy-going family companions. Some also compete in the show ring.
Originally from the United States, this medium-sized and moderate-energy breed can grow to between 65-110 pounds and lives an average of 10-12 years. The breed is recognized by the American Kennel Club and classified as a member of the Hound group
|Breed's original pastime||Hunting|
|Average lifespan||10-12 years|
|Date of origin||1700s|
|Original function||Hunting raccoons|
|Today's function||Hunting raccoons|
|Average size of male||Height: 25-27 Weight: 55-75|
|Average size of female||Height: 23-25 Weight: 55-75|
|Other name||American black and tan coonhound|
|Energy level||Low energy|
|Playfullness||Not very playful|
|Affection level||Moderately affectionate|
|Friendliness toward other dogs||Friendly|
|Friendliness toward other pets||Friendly|
|Friendliness toward strangers||Friendly|
|Ease of training||Easy to train|
|Protection ability||Moderately protective|
|Grooming needs||Low maintenance|
|Cold tolerance||Medium tolerance|
|Heat tolerance||Medium tolerance|
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
WHAT IS A BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND'S PERSONALITY LIKE?
Black and Tan Coonhounds are friendly and mellow unless they're on the scent. They are sweet and strong dogs. They're very family-friendly, particularly if that family is active and outdoorsy. They can be playful and are usually friendly toward other dogs. Black and Tan Coonhounds can be suspicious of strangers.
WHAT IS BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND BEHAVIOR LIKE?
Black and Tan Coonhounds are working dogs — powerful, agile, and alert. They make for very vigilant watchdogs. They can be somewhat protective and loud! They are a noisy breed, very prone to howling.
With enough exercise, your Black and Tan Coonhound will happily curl up with you on the couch to watch the Big Game. Just don't leave your half-time snacks unattended on the coffee table or they'll be gone before you can cry “foul.”
HOW EASY IS IT TO TRAIN A BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND?
Black and Tan Coonhounds are not very easy to train. They mean well, but they're distractible, particularly when they run across an exciting new scent. They can also be stubborn. Black and Tan Coonhounds instinctually sniff out, chase, tree, and serenade small animals; you'll have to discourage this behavior early and often if you want to stay on speaking terms with neighbors.
Be patient and consistent while training. Your Black and Tan Coonhound will respond particularly well to food rewards.
CARE & HEALTH
HOW MUCH DO BLACK AND TAN COONHOUNDS SHED AND WHAT ARE THEIR GROOMING NEEDS?
A Black and Tan Coonhound's coat is short and dense. They're relatively easy to groom, but they're heavy shedders. On the up side, their dense coats slough off dirt. Plan for frequent brushing and baths as needed. They can also be a bit drooly, so keep a pet-safe wet nap handy.
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS DO BLACK AND TAN COONHOUNDS HAVE?
Black and Tan Coonhounds are fairly healthy. Some experience eye ailments and elbow or hip dysplasia. Be sure to keep those floppy ears clean — they're prone to yeast and bacterial infections. Dry your Black and Tan Coonhound's ears thoroughly after he's been swimming.