Those distinctive wrinkles all over your Pug's face aren't a design flaw — they're a feature! The face wrinkles were intentionally bred into Pugs; the forehead wrinkle pattern resembles the Chinese character for “prince.”
This ancient breed has been keeping its people company since before the birth of Jesus. They remain cherished canine companions to this day as one of the most popular US dogs.
An ancient breed originally from China, these small-sized and medium-energy dogs can grow to between 14-18 pounds and live an average of 13-15 years. The breed is recognized by the American Kennel Club and classified as a member of the Toy group.
|Breed's original Pastime||Companion|
|Average lifespan||12-15 years|
|Date of origin||Ancient times|
|Original function||Lap dog|
|Average size of male||Height: 10-11 Weight: 14-18|
|Average size of female||Height: 10-11 Weight: 14-18|
|Other name||Mops, Carlin|
|Energy level||Medium energy|
|Affection level||Very affectionate|
|Friendliness toward other dogs||Friendly|
|Friendliness toward other pets||Friendly|
|Friendliness toward strangers||Shy|
|Ease of training||Moderately easy to train|
|Protection ability||Not very protective|
|Grooming needs||Low maintenance|
|Cold tolerance||Medium tolerance|
|Heat tolerance||Low tolerance|
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
WHAT IS A PUG'S PERSONALITY LIKE?
Americans love Pugs, and it's easy to see why. Outgoing, loving, and playful, this dog fits well into almost any kind of household. Pugs are even-tempered and so charming you'll find yourself forgiving their tendency toward mischief. These canine comedians are real crowd pleasers.
These dogs are often great with children, but be sure to supervise play and make sure that your little one isn't too “ruff” with this Toy breed.
WHAT IS PUG BEHAVIOR LIKE?
The Pug might not look like much of an athlete, but she's curious and surprisingly strong. You'll both benefit from making sure she gets outside every day to sniff and explore.
These dogs are not big barkers. Pugs usually make alert, yet calm, housedogs as long as she gets enough daily exercise.
HOW EASY IS IT TO TRAIN A PUG?
Pugs respond well to training. They're eager to please and do best with positive reinforcement. Don't ever try to boss a Pug — you'd be surprised at how hard fifteen pounds of dog can dig in her heels.
CARE & HEALTH
HOW MUCH DO PUGS SHED AND WHAT ARE THEIR GROOMING NEEDS?
Pugs are somewhat heavy shedders. Their short coats make them relatively easy keepers as far as grooming goes, however. Plan for weekly brushing and regular baths. Be sure to keep those cute wrinkles clean and dry to prevent infections.
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS DO PUGS HAVE?
As a breed, Pugs are generally healthy. They do tend toward pudginess, so be conscientious about meals and snacks. Attention to heat exhaustion, even in mild weather is important for Pug parents.
Some Pugs are prone to encephalitis, orthopedic issues, breathing challenges, and eye disease. Their bulging eyes can also be prone to “popping” out if their necks are grabbed too tightly or when using a choke collar, so be sure to discuss this potential and how to avoid this danger with your veterinarian. (It is an immediate trip to the emergency vet if it happens.) And, of course, those wrinkles need to be cared for to avoid skin problems and infection.