It may surprise you to know that American Eskimo Dogs—also affectionately called “Eskies”—are neither from the United States nor of indigenous Arctic origin. “Eskimo” was part of the name of a kennel that bred them. This dog hails from Germany, but in the wake of the first World War, American breeders changed the name to something less controversial. American Eskimo Dogs worked as tightrope walkers in American circuses at the beginning of the 20th century; now they're more likely to keep an eye on your kids and your homestead.
This is a highly intelligent, moderate-energy, and small breed. Miniature American Eskimo Dogs can grow to between 10-20 pounds and live for 13-15 years. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1994 and is classified as a member of the Non-Sporting breed group.
|Breed's original pastime||Mini sled dog|
|Average lifespan||12-14 years|
|Date of origin||Early 1900s|
|Original function||Companion, performer|
|Average size of male||Height: 12-15 Weight: 11-20|
|Average size of female||Height: 12-15 Weight: 11-20|
|Energy level||Medium energy|
|Affection level||Moderately affectionate|
|Friendliness toward other dogs||Friendly|
|Friendliness toward other pets||Friendly|
|Friendliness toward strangers||Friendly|
|Ease of training||Hard to train|
|Protection ability||Not very protective|
|Grooming needs||Moderate maintenance|
|Cold tolerance||High tolerance|
|Heat tolerance||Low tolerance|
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
WHAT IS A MINIATURE AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG'S PERSONALITY LIKE?
American Eskimo Dogs make friendly companions and lively, eager play partners. Active, fearless, and intrepid, this dog will keep you on your toes. They're usually obedient and make for bright, well-mannered companions. American Eskimo Dogs get along well with children and other pets, including dogs, but play is always best supervised (as with any dog).
WHAT IS MINIATURE AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG BEHAVIOR LIKE?
American Eskimo Dogs belong to you and you alone, happy to jog along at your side or curl up with you on the couch. They can be wary of strangers and don't always understand why you'd need another pet (canine, feline, or otherwise). This breed makes for vigilant watchdogs, though they won't be very protective of you or your home.
Most make for good dog park citizens. The out-of-doors sights and sniffs of your short daily walks or backyard games will help mentally stimulate this smarty-tail. Teaching them tricks and playing games together will also help keep their sharp minds active.
HOW EASY IS IT TO TRAIN A MINIATURE AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG?
This is a trainable breed, and they're fast learners, but American Eskimo Dogs of all sizes know their own minds. Start early and be patient and consistent; they respond to training that uses treats and games as rewards. Socialize them young to help them acclimate to new people. They can be somewhat prone to barking; you'll want to nip this behavior in the pup (er, bud).
CARE & HEALTH
HOW MUCH DO MINIATURE AMERICAN ESKIMO DOGS SHED AND WHAT ARE THEIR GROOMING NEEDS?
American Eskimo Dogs' harsh outer fur conceals a soft, dense undercoat. Their winter-proof coats are great in chilly weather, but they can overheat in the summer months.
These fluffballs are above-average seasonal shedders, and should be combed and brushed at least twice a week to keep their dense coats from matting. (Regularly check the fur around their tushes, too — they sometimes need help in the hygiene department.) But if you keep up with brushing and combing them, they shouldn't require frequent professional grooming.
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS DO MINIATURE AMERICAN ESKIMO DOGS HAVE?
These are fairly healthy dogs, but do keep an eye out for slipping kneecaps, hip dysplasia, and eye problems in adult American Eskimo Dogs. Diabetes is sometimes an issue as well.